Wine is an important global food commodity of high commercial value. To protect this valuable market, wine authenticity control, mainly in terms of varieties, geographical origin and age is continuously required to detect any adulteration and to maintain wine quality. Wine is a complex matrix of water, alcohol, sugars, and a wide range of minor organic and inorganic compounds. Many factors influence the concentration levels of these compounds, including grape variety, climate, wine growing area, and, the wine making process. Establishing wine authenticity can be a challenging proposition. To ensure quality, Agilent offers gas and liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry, and various atomic spectroscopy techniques such as ICP-MS and MP-AES.